Chernobyl Disaster – The Greatest Nuclear Accident
Chernobyl disaster was occurred at nuclear power station located in the Ukraine at April 26, 1986, on Saturday. This explosion was the greatest nuclear disaster in all over the world. Although, it was just about 3% of the nuclear reactor chamber escaped, but it was quite enough to kill those people who were close to it, and damage crops and food.
Chernobyl is a small city located next to the Belarus border, having a population of 12500. The nuclear power station lies just at the distance of 15 kilometers to the north-west part of the actual town of Chernobyl.
The areas near 30-kilometer omission zone, having population of more than 115,000 had been emptied. The total isotopes radiation was made up of 50 million curies which had released in the air and it had an influence of 30 to 40 times higher than the Hiroshima nuclear bombing in 1945. A chemical explosion had occurred at the 4th station of reactor that had created an unrestrained graphite fire, which directed to release the 450 radionuclide or more, having fuel of about 3.5%, which was stored in the nuclear reactor chamber. There were 31 people died on the spot, which was reported officially, while majority people believe that most of the people were died in the initial hours as well as weeks after Chernobyl disaster. An estimation of the death was about 7000 to 8000 workers, made by the Ukrainian government.
Most of the people were subjected to radiation sickness. After the accident, 31 people were dead for the duration of first three months. And 80 people were killed due to radiation effects during the next 15 years.
Before the occurrence of the Chernobyl disaster, Chernobyl was ranked as very safest nuclear power station. Before the explosion, there had been occurring many accidents as well as emergency shutdowns. These mistakes were done by the management and were not properly investigated but covered up. The operation logs had no record of many cases of equipment failures.